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Domestic Waterfowl: Call Duck Standards
Descriptions of Call Duck Colours

These standards are from the British Waterfowl Association call Standards Review which took place in 2005. The BWA Standards Committee was led by senior representatives from the cda.
this format [below] uses the template provided by the bRITISH waTERFOWL aSSOCIATION and USED by the poultry club in waterfowl liaison meetings. these meetings agreed the standards for the heavy ducks, light ducks and bantam ducks, using this template.
The CONSISTENT terminology for colour and markings is also IN the agreed POULTRY CLUB FORMAT
FOR THE LIGHT, HEAVY AND BANTAM DUCKS FOR 2008. 


The photographs show examples of birds exhibited in the UK. They are not definitive. 
New photos have been used in the 2008 Standards  

CAll
Classification: Call  
Origin: Possibly imported from Asia into Holland.

Named from the Dutch word kooi, meaning ‘cage’ or ‘trap’, decoy ducks have been used for centuries in Holland and Britain to lure wild ducks into mesh structures (decoys). Francis Willughby (1678) wrote that we imitated the Dutch to entrap wild mallards. The early decoy ducks were in fact little different from mallards, being decoys by training and performance rather than looks. Two key characteristics led to their modern development: they had to be highly vocal (hence ‘call’ ducks) to attract the wild ducks, and they had to be small and thus easy to carry. It was the Dutch decoys that introduced the characteristics so prized in these birds.
     Calls were first standardized in Britain as one of the four breeds of ducks in the Standard of Excellence in Exhibition Poultry (1865). There were two varieties: the ‘white’ and the ‘grey’, the latter having ‘bill, legs, and plumage the same as in the Rouen ’. Tegetmeir (1867) wrote that, like bantam fowl, they differ from ordinary breeds in their small size. He noted that shape of the head was also distinctive: ‘they are most esteemed when possessing a full round forehead, with a broad short bill.’
     The origin of these dwarf characteristics in ducks is not known, although the Dutch artist C. S. Th. van Gink (1932) suggested that they may have been imported from the Far East alongside Japanese bantam fowl. It is believed that Call Ducks became popular in Europe around 1800.
     After 1865 Call ducks were left out of the Poultry Club Standards altogether until they were mentioned again in 1954, but only as ‘Ornamental Ducks’ alongside Carolina and Mandarin ducks, etc. The 1971 edition provided further Standards for the ‘Decoy’, also in the original colours, ‘white’ and ‘brown’. Despite Harrison Weir’s mention of Calls in blues and buffs as early as 1902, it took until 1982 for any new colour descriptions to be included: Pied, Blue Fawn and Silver.

Shape: male and female
Carriage:
Nearly level from breast to stern
Head: Relatively large. Round, with a high crown, rising abruptly from the bill. Eyes large, round and alert, set fairly centrally, the base of the eye in line with the top of the bill, which is broad and short, maximum length 3.1cm (1¼ inches), set squarely in the head. Full cheeks.
Neck: Short and thick.
Body: Small and compact, broad and deep with a full breast. Tail carried almost level.
Legs and feet: Legs short, set midway in the body.

Weights
Drake                      0.6–0.7 kg              (1 ¼ –1 ½ lb)
Duck                       0.5–0.6 kg              (1–1 ¼ lb)  

Scale of points
Carriage                                                 10
Head, bill and neck                              20
Body                                                      20
Legs and feet                                          5
Condition                                              10
Colour                                                    20
Size                                                         15  

General Major Defects (In both sexes and all varieties)
Thin-bodied, boat-shaped body. Legs positioned too far back causing breast to tip. Long, slim neck. Flat crown, oval head or square head showing a flat top. Narrow cheeks, uneven cheeks e.g. from sinus infection. Long, narrow bill. Oversize. Long shanks

Genotypes  

Variety

Colour Genes

Mallard

Wild-colour

Blue Mallard

Wild-colour, single blue dilution (Bl / bl+)

Apricot Mallard

Wild-colour, double blue dilution (Bl / Bl)

Silver

Harlequin phase, dusky.

Blue Silver

Harlequin phase, dusky, single blue dilution.

Apricot Silver

Harlequin phase, dusky, double blue dilution.

Mallard Dusky

Dusky, dark phase.

Blue Dusky *

Dusky, dark phase, single blue dilution

Apricot Dusky*

Dusky, dark phase, double blue dilution.

Black *

Epistatic, dominant E / E

Chocolate*

Epistatic, dominant E / E; sex-linked brown dilution (d /[d])

Bibbed

Black with single blue, double blue (lavender) or brown dilution (chocolate); bibbed gene (S / S); white primaries (w / w).

Magpie

Black (with either blue or brown dilutions); bibbed (S / S) and pied genes (R / R)

Mallard Pied   Wild-colour with pied gene (R / R).  

White

Epistatic, recessive c / c.

Yellow Belly* Not fully investigated 
* Not included on this page
Colour 
MALLARD  MALE 
Head and Neck
Black with green lustre on the head and upper neck; a distinct white collar almost encircling the neck. Eyes: Dark brown. Bill: Green, dark bean.  
Back: Dark grey shading to greenish black over the rump.
Breast: Rich claret with no white fringing; margin of claret clearly defined.  
Flanks etc. Light grey with dark grey stippling.
Tail: Medium dull brown, paler outer feathers; coverts and undertail black
Wings: Primaries and tertials grey. Speculum blue tipped by black then white. Coverts brownish grey except for greater coverts which are tipped with white then black. Main scapulars clear steel grey, outer edge bronze tinge. Cream/white underwing
Legs: Dull orange, darker webs.

MALLARD  FEMALE 
Head and Neck:Golden brown, each feather with darker brown graining. This graining forms a darker band from the crown down the back of the neck. Eyes: Brown. Faint eye stripes i.e. a paler line above the eye, a dark line through the eye and a pale line in front of the eye. Bill: Dark orange with brown saddle. Plain brown throat.  
Back: Brown or chestnut with darker pencilling (chevrons).  
Breast and flanks: Brown or chestnut with dark brown pencilling on each feather. Underbody similar.
Tail: Dull dark buff, irregularly marked with brown; darker tail feathers in the centre than the outer edges.  
Wings: Primaries brownish slate. Speculum and greater coverts as drake.
Tertials browner than primaries on exposed half. Smaller coverts same colour as back. Scapulars similar to the Rouen. Cream/white underwing.  
Legs: Dull orange, darker webs.  

Disqualifications 
Male:
Absence of neck ring. Unbroken neck ring. Claret on flank feathers. Completely white stern.  
Female: Presence of white collar. Lack both of eye stripes and graining on the crown.  
Both: White primaries. Incomplete or obscure speculum. Pied markings on the head and neck

Major Faults 
Male: Yellow or blue bill. White fringing on bib feathers.  
Female: Unclear pencilling on scapulars and back. Pale throat and eye markings.
Both: White feathers under the bill, under the throat or under the tail. Indistinct speculum and greater covert markings.
 
Minor faults 
Male: Black marks on bill. Lack of black undertail.  
Female:
Dark ground colour.  
Both: Very pale outer tail feathers.  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

BLUE MALLARD [Blue fawn] MALE 
Head and Neck
Charcoal blue on the head and upper neck; a white collar almost encircling the neck. Eyes: Brown. Bill: Green, dark bean.  
Back:
Body feathers blue-grey shading to dark blue-grey at the rump.  
Breast:
Rich claret with no white fringing; margin of claret clearly defined.  
Flanks etc. Light grey with grey stippling.  
Tail: Darker blue-grey in the centre, paler outer feathers. Dark blue-grey undertail.  
Wings:
Primaries smoke grey; secondaries (speculum) matt charcoal blue, tipped with white. Tertials blue-grey, bronze on the outer part. Coverts blue-grey, except for greater coverts which are tipped with whitish grey then dark grey. Scapulars smoke grey, darker at outer edge. Cream/white underwing.  
Legs: Orange

BLUE MALLARD [Blue fawn] FEMALE
Head and Neck:Fawn with darker band of blue-grey graining on the crown and neck. Eyes: Brown. Faint eye stripes as in the Mallard Call. Bill: Brown or with dark saddle, variable in extent. Pale fawn throat
Back:  
Mainly blue with distinct but fine fawn edging, becoming finer on the larger feathers  
Breast and flanks:
Fawn, each feather flecked or pencilled with blue-grey. Underbody similar.  
Tail: Blue-grey with fawn tinge; paler outer feathers.  
Wings:
Primaries, secondaries and greater coverts as drake. Minor coverts blue-grey edged with fawn. Scapulars as back. Cream/white underwing.  
Legs
Orange, slightly darker webs.  

Disqualifications 
Male:
Absence of neck ring. Unbroken neck ring. Claret on flank feathers. Completely white stern.  
Female: Presence of white collar. Lack both of eye stripes and graining on the crown.  
Both: White primaries. Pied markings on the head and neck.  

Major Faults 
Male: Yellow or blue bill. White fringing on bib feathers.  
Female: Broad fawn edging, reducing the blue on the back feathers. Pale throat and eye markings.  
Both: White feathers under the bill, under the throat or under the tail.
 
Minor faults 
Male: Black marks on bill. Lack of blue undertail.

 

APRICOT MALLARD [Apricot] MALE 
Head and Neck
Pigeon blue (blue-grey) on the head and upper neck; a white collar almost encircling the neck. Eyes: Brown.   Bill: Light green, dark bean.
Back:  
Light grey feathers with darker edge, shading to blue-grey at the rump.  
Breast:   
Claret with no white fringing; margin of claret clearly defined.  
Flanks etc.  Very light grey feathers with apricot-grey stippling.  
Tail: Light grey, central feathers darker than outer. Blue grey undertail.  
Wings:
Primaries and coverts light pearl grey with apricot tinge; secondaries (speculum) darker pearl grey tipped with whitish grey. Tertials grey, apricot tinge on outer part. Greater coverts tipped with whitish grey then darker grey. Scapulars grey, edged with pale brown. Cream/white underwing.  
Legs: Orange.

APRICOT MALLARD [Apricot] FEMALE
Head and Neck:
Apricot with darker band of pale blue-grey graining on crown and neck. Eyes: Brown. Faint eye stripes as in the Mallard Call. Bill: Light brown  with dark saddle.  
Back:  
Light grey feathers edged with apricot.  
Breast and flanks:  
Rich apricot. Underbody similar.  
Tail: Apricot-grey.  
Wings:  
Primaries, secondaries and greater coverts as drake. Minor coverts light grey edged with apricot.  Scapulars grey, edged or tinged with apricot. Cream/white underwing.  
Legs: Orange.

Disqualifications 
Male:
Absence of neck ring. Unbroken neck ring. Claret on flank feathers. Completely white stern.  
Female: Presence of white collar. Lack both of eye stripes and graining on the crown.
Both: White primaries. Pied markings on the head and neck.  

Major Faults 
Male: Yellow bill. White fringing on bib feathers.  
Female: Broad or no apricot edging on the back feathers. Pale throat and eye markings.  
Both: White feathers under the bill, under the throat or under the tail.
 
Minor faults 
Male:  Black marks on bill. Lack of blue undertail.  

 

 

 

 



SILVER MALE 
Head and Neck
 Black with green lustre on the head and upper neck. Distinct white collar completely encircling the neck. Lower neck coloured as for breast. Eyes: Brown. Bill: Green with black bean.  
Back:  
Upper back: white feathers finely stippled with black. Lower down the back the stippling becomes heavier until solid black with green lustre on the rump.  
Breast:   
Claret with each feather fringed with white. Claret split by more white on the lower breast.
Flanks etc.  
Light claret feathers along the upper flank, each feather edged with white. Lower flanks and underbody white.
Tail: Paler outer feathers; central feathers darker, each feather having a grey centre and paler off-white edging. Undertail black with slight green lustre.  
Wings:  
Primaries off-white, marked with dark grey,  more so on the outer edge and tip. Speculum iridescent blue with black then white band on the secondaries. Greater coverts grey with white rims. Tertials grey stipple with browner outer edge. Scapulars grey stipple; outer scapulars claret with white rims. Cream/white underwing
Legs: Orange

SILVER FEMALE
Head and Neck:
Fawn to cream hood with dark graining on the crown. No eye stripes. Eyes: Brown.
Bill: Light orange-brown with rich brown saddle. Black bean.  

Back:  
White feathers with central dark streak; black and fawn stippling; markings heaviest towards the rump.  
Breast and flanks:  
Fawn mottling on upper breast. Flanks and underbody mainly white.  
Tail: Feathers white with central dark streak and fawn and black stippling.  
Wings:
Primary feathers almost white, dark stippling on the outer edges and tips. Speculum iridescent blue with black then white band on the secondaries. Greater coverts dark with white rims. Lightly mottled smaller coverts. Marginal coverts white. Cream/white underwing.  
Legs: Orange.

Disqualifications 
Male:
Absence of neck ring. Incomplete neck ring. Pied markings on the head and neck. Dark stippling on flanks and belly.  
Female: Any indication of eye stripes. Buff ground colour to the body heavily pencilled with brown.  
Both: Clear white primaries.  

Major Faults 
Male:  White under the bill. Claret breast and flank colour extending low on to the body, or lacking in white fringing. Blue bill.  
Female: Lack of cream or fawn ground colour to the head and upper neck. Lack of any graining on the head.  
Both: Lack of speculum. Ill-defined markings on greater coverts.

Minor faults 
Male:  Light streaks in the undertail.  
Female: 
Heavy dark graining on crown and neck.

 

 

 

 

 

BLUE SILVER MALE 
Head and Neck
 Charcoal blue on the head and upper neck. Distinct white collar completely encircling the neck. Lower neck coloured as for breast. Eyes: Brown. Bill: Green with dark bean.  
Back:
Upper back: white feathers finely stippled with blue grey. Lower down the back the stippling becomes heavier until solid charcoal blue on the rump.  
Breast:   
Claret with each feather fringed with white. Claret split by more white on the lower breast.  
Flanks etc.  Light claret feathers along the upper flank, each feather edged with white. Lower flanks and underbody white.  
Tail: Paler outer feathers; central feathers darker, each feather having a blue-grey centre and paler off-white edging. Undertail dark blue-grey.  
Wings:  
Primaries off-white, marked with blue grey, more so on the outer edge and tip. Speculum charcoal blue with white band on the secondaries. Greater coverts grey with white rims. Tertials grey stipple with browner outer edge. Scapulars grey stipple; outer scapulars claret with white rims. Cream/white underwing.  
Legs: 
Legs and webs dull orange.

BLUE SILVER FEMALE
Head and Neck:
Fawn to cream hood with charcoal blue graining on the crown. No eye stripes. Eyes: Brown. Bill: Light orange-brown with rich brown saddle. Dark Bean.  
Back:  
White feathers with central grey streak; blue grey and fawn stippling; markings heaviest towards the rump.  
Breast and flanks:  
Fawn mottling on upper breast. Flanks and underbody mainly white.  
Tail: Feathers white with central blue grey streak and fawn and grey stippling.  
Wings:  
Primary feathers almost white, blue-grey stippling on the outer edges and tips. Speculum charcoal blue with white band on the secondaries. Greater coverts grey with white rims. Lightly mottled smaller coverts. Marginal coverts white. Cream/white underwing.
Legs: Orange. 

Disqualifications 
Male:
Absence of neck ring. Incomplete neck ring. Pied markings on the head and neck. Dark stippling on flanks and belly.  
Female: Any indication of eye stripes. Buff ground colour to the body heavily pencilled with brown
Both: Clear white primaries.  

Major Faults 
Male:  White under the bill. Claret breast and flank colour extending low on to the body, or lacking in white fringing. Blue bill.  
Female: Lack of cream or fawn ground colour to the head and upper neck. Lack of any graining on the head.  
Both: Lack of speculum. Ill-defined markings on greater coverts.
 
Minor faults 
Male:  Light streaks in the undertail.  
Female: 
Heavy dark graining on crown and neck.  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

APRICOT SILVER MALE 
Head and Neck
 Pigeon blue (blue-grey) on the head and upper neck. Distinct white collar completely encircling the neck. Lower neck coloured as for breast. Eyes: Brown. Bill: Green with dark bean.  
Back:  
Upper back: white feathers finely stippled with light blue grey. Lower down the back the stippling becomes heavier until solid pigeon blue on the rump.  
Breast:   
Claret with each feather fringed with white. Claret split by more white on the lower breast.  
Flanks etc.  Light claret feathers along the upper flank, each feather edged with white. Lower flanks and underbody white.  
Tail: Paler outer feathers; central feathers darker, each feather having a light blue-grey centre and paler off-white edging. Undertail pigeon blue
Wings:  
Primaries off-white, marked with light blue grey, more so on the outer edge and tip. Speculum dark pearl grey with white band on the secondaries. Greater coverts pale grey with white rims. Tertials light grey stipple with browner outer edge. Scapulars grey stipple; outer scapulars claret with white rims. Cream/white underwing.
Legs: Orange

APRICOT SILVER FEMALE 
Head and Neck:
Fawn to cream hood with faint graining on the crown. No eye stripes. Eyes: Brown. Bill: Light orange-brown with faint brown saddle and light horn coloured bean.
Back:
White feathers with pale grey and fawn stippling.  
Breast and flanks:  
Apricot mottling on upper breast. Flanks and underbody mainly white.  
Tail: Feathers white with pale fawn centre.  
Wings:  
Primary feathers almost white. Speculum pearl grey with white band on the secondaries. Greater coverts pearl grey with white rims. Lightly mottled smaller coverts. Marginal coverts white. Cream/white underwing.  
Legs: Orange

Disqualifications 
Male:
Absence of neck ring. Incomplete neck ring. Pied markings on the head and neck. Dark stippling on flanks and belly.  
Female: Any indication of eye stripes. Buff ground colour to the body heavily pencilled with brown.  
Both: Clear white primaries.  

Major Faults 
Male:  White under the bill. Claret breast and flank colour extending low on to the body, or lacking in white fringing. Blue bill.  
Female: Lack of cream or fawn ground colour to the head and upper neck.  
Both: Lack of speculum.  

Minor faults 
Male: Light streaks in the undertail.  
Female: 
Lack of any graining on crown and neck.  

 

 

 

 


MALLARD DUSKY MALE  
Head and Neck
 Black with green lustre on the head and upper neck. Eyes: Dark brown. Bill: green, dark bean. No white collar.  
Back:  
Dark grey-brown, shading to greenish black over the rump.  
Breast: 
As flank feathers; no claret bib.  
Flanks etc.  Light grey, each feather finely stippled (pencilled, like the Dark Campbell) with dark grey.  
Tail: Grey-brown, paler outer feathers; coverts and undertail greenish black.  
Wings:  
Primaries grey-brown. Secondaries: (speculum) sooty grey with slight iridescence only, tipped with  fine whitish-grey line. Tertials grey-brown. Minor coverts grey-brown; secondary coverts tipped with white then fine black line. Scapulars slightly darker than Mallard, brown edged. Underwing coverts pearly grey-blue; axillars pale brown-grey.  
Legs: 
Legs and webs dull orange.  

MALLARD DUSKY FEMALE  
Head and Neck:
Brown, with darker graining. No eye stripes.  Eyes: Dark brown. Bill: Dull grey-brown with dark bean and saddle.  
Back:  
Brown, with darker pencilling (chevrons).  
Breast and flanks:  
Brown, with dark brown pencilling on each feather. Underbody similar.  
Tail: Dull dark buff, irregularly marked with brown; darker tail feathers in the centre than the outer edges.  
Wings:  
Primaries, secondaries and tertials dull brown. Slight iridescence only on sooty grey secondaries, tipped with faint whitish-grey line. Minor coverts brown-grey; secondary coverts tipped with white forming a bar above the secondaries.
Underwing coverts and axillars as drake.
 
Legs: 
Dull orange with darker webs. 

Disqualifications 
Male:
Any indication of claret bib. During eclipse: any sign of eye stripes.  
Female: Any evidence of eye stripes.  
Both: White neck ring. Cream or white axillars and under wing coverts. White primary feathers. Iridescent blue speculum. Blue eyes.

Minor faults 
Male: Lack of black undertail.  
Both: White feathers under the bill.  

 

 

 

 

BLUE  DUSKY

 

APRICOT DUSKY

KHAKI

BIBBED  MALE 
Head and Neck
 Black, blue, lavender or chocolate—a shade darker than the body. Bill: Olive  
Back:  Black, laced blue, lavender or chocolate
Breast and flanks:  Black, laced blue, lavender or chocolate with white bib. Bib: As even as possible, ideally a tear drop shape extending from the lower neck to the upper breast. 

Tail: Black, laced blue, lavender or chocolate.
Wings:  
Wings same as body colour except for two white outer primaries on each wing.  
Legs: 
Dusky orange shaded irregularly with greyish black. 

BIBBED FEMALE 
Head and Neck: Black, blue, lavender or chocolate. Bill: black
Back: 
Black, laced blue, lavender or chocolate.
Breast and flanks:  Black, laced blue, lavender or chocolate with white bibs. Bib: As even as possible, ideally a tear drop shape extending from the lower neck to the upper breast.
Tail: Black, laced blue, lavender or chocolate.
Wings: Same as body colour except for two white outer primaries on each wing.  
Legs: 
Dusky orange shaded irregularly with greyish black. Darker than the drake  

Major Faults 
Both: Small, uneven or large bib extending around the bill and on to the belly. Russet tinge in the plumage. Lack of white primaries.

Minor faults 
Both: Ragged edges to the bib. White line through the eye. Incorrect number of white primaries.

 

 

 

 

 


MAGPIE   (Black, Blue and Chocolate)   MALE 
Head and Neck
White surmounted by black, blue or chocolate cap covering the whole of the crown to the top of the eyes. Eyes: dark grey or dark brown. Bill: preferably yellow, though spotted with green on older drakes.  
Back:  
Solid black, blue or chocolate from shoulders to the tip of the tail.  
Breast:  White.
Flanks etc.  White.
Tail: Black, blue or chocolate  
Wings: 
White primary and secondary feathers. Scapulars black, blue or chocolate, producing a heart-shaped mantle, which should be sharp, clearly defined and symmetrical in outline.  
Legs: 
Legs and webs: Dusky orange shaded irregularly with greyish black.  

MAGPIE   (Black, Blue and Chocolate)  FEMALE 
Head and Neck
White surmounted by black, blue or chocolate cap covering the whole of the crown to the top of the eyes. Eyes: dark grey or dark brown. Bill: preferably yellow, though spotted with grey-green on older ducks.  
Back:   
Solid black, blue or chocolate from shoulders to the tip of the tail.
Breast and flanks: White.
Tail:  Black, blue or chocolate.  
Wings: 
White primary and secondary feathers. Scapulars black, blue or chocolate, producing a heart-shaped mantle, which should be sharp, clearly defined and symmetrical in outline.  
Legs: 
Legs and webs dusky orange shaded irregularly with greyish black.  

Major Faults 
Both: Absence of cap or back markings. Asymmetry of markings. White feathers in the tail. Additional markings other than stated, especially on the face. Light edging on black plumage. Body more than 50% black, or more than 80% white.  


Minor faults 
Both: Cream bill  

 

 

 

 


MALLARD PIED MALE  
Head and Neck
Cap and cheek markings black with green lustre. The cap is separated from the cheek markings by a projection from the white of the neck extending up to the eye. The cap should cleanly and smoothly encircle the head. The face markings should not extend below the cheek contour. The bill is divided from the head markings by a narrow band of white. The middle and upper neck is pure white and the meeting with the body colour is clean cut. Eyes: Brown or blue. Bill: yellow green, dark bean.  
Back:
Dark grey shading to black with a green lustre over the rump.  
Breast:
Rich claret with no white fringing; margin of claret and chest colour clearly defined.  
Flanks etc. Light grey with dark grey stippling. The thorax colour should meet the white of the abdomen in a clean line (near the bottom of the breast bone and the top of the thighs). The white extends between the legs to beyond the vent, and also includes the thigh coverts
Tail: White and light grey with dark grey stippling.  
Wings: 
Primaries, secondaries and tertials predominantly white. Scapulars and some of the wing coverts brown and grey, giving a heart shape. Cream/white underwing.  
Legs: Orange.

MALLARD PIED FEMALE 
Head and Neck:
White markings as drake. Coloured plumage golden brown, each feather with darker brown graining. This graining forms a darker band over the crown. Residual eye stripes as in Mallard.  Eyes: Brown or blue. Bill: Orange-yellow with brown saddle and dark bean.  
Back:   
Brown or chestnut with darker pencilling (chevrons).
Breast and flanks:
Brown or chestnut with dark brown pencilling on each feather. White body markings as drake.  
Tail:  White and dull dark buff, irregularly marked with brown; darker tail feathers in the centre than the outer edges.  
Wings:
Primaries, secondaries and tertials predominantly white. Scapulars and some of the wing coverts similar to the Rouen,  giving a heart shape. Cream/white underwing.
Legs: Orange

Disqualifications 
Male:
Claret on flank feathers.  
Major Faults  
Female: Lack of eye stripes.  
Both: Asymmetry of markings. Insufficient white plumage.
 
Minor faults 
Male: Lack of black undertail.  

 

 

 

WHITE MALE 
Head and Neck
 Plumage: Pure white. Eyes: Leaden blue (appear dark). Bill: Bright orange-yellow.  

WHITE  FEMALE 
Head and Neck:
Plumage: Pure white. Eyes: Leaden blue (appear dark). Bill: Bright orange-yellow.  
Back, breast, flanks, tail and wings: Pure white.
Legs: Bright orange  

Disqualifications 
Male:
Any black on the bill.  

Major Faults 
Both: Any black plumage in the mature bird.
   

Minor faults 
Dark specks on the bill (with age).  
Both: Elements of black plumage on a young bird.  

 

YELLOW BELLY 

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Secretary: Kate Elkington 
The Old Bakehouse, Ashperton, Ledbury, Herefordshire. HR8 2SA Tel 01531 670658 or 07968829306